Question: Oh virtuous Shaikh, I am a teacher in a school and sometimes the teacher corrects a student’s paper and remains with it until he passes. For example, he gives five marks. So we find that some people say: it is obligatory on the teacher to increase in marks until the student passes. Some say: it is upon the teacher not to give the student except his right. So what is your opinion, Oh virtuous Shaikh, may Allah preserve you?
Answer: My opinion is that it returns to the [school] system. If it is allowed for the marker to increase in marks with this large number of marks, five marks, then it is five marks out of how much? We do not know, five out of one hundred, or half out of ten, or five from thirty ? Or out one sixth. So this returns to the system.
Next, it is a must we look at whether the reason for the loss in marks is due to the student understanding the question upon other than its intent or that the student understood the question, however, his answer is deficient. Sometimes, the student understands the question upon other than the intent, so he answers the question with an answer that is complete according to his understanding of the question. So this student is well-known between the teachers as eager and a hard worker. So for this student it is said: it is necessary that a committee be formed to look at the subject. Otherwise, the origin is to follow the system in all circumstances.
[Taken from Liqaa sh-Shari no. 48 found: http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-7686/page-1326 ]
Faisal ibn Abdul Qaadir ibn Hassan